Tuesday, February 16, 2016
Freedom on the Menu: The Greensboro Sit-Ins
Author Carole Boston Weatherford
Paintings by Jerome Lagarrigue
Where to buy: http://www.amazon.com/Freedom-Menu-The-Greensboro-Sit-Ins/dp/0142408948
Teacher Resources: http://amhistory.si.edu/ourstory/pdf/freedom/lunchcounter_reading.pdf
The story is told from the point of view of an African America girl named Connie from Greensboro, North Carolina during the civil rights movement. It's about sit in protests that took place at restaurants in Greensboro, such as Woolworth's, in which African American were not allowed to eat at the counter. All over town there were signs that said whites only or blacks only for things like restrooms and water fountains. In the beginning of the story Connie and her mom are at Woolworth's and she wants to eat a banana split at the counter but her mom says no because only whites are allowed to eat at the counter. One day Connie and her family go to see Martin Luther King preach and this causes her brother and sister to get involved with the civil rights movement and join the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Other African Americans soon start to join in the effort of civil rights and one day at Woolworth's, four African American college students sit at the counter and refuse to move until they are served. This was the start of peaceful sit in protest that started occurring all over Greensboro. While this was going on Connie's family was explaining to her that it was not about getting food or thinking that it would work but that it was about doing what was right so one day they would be treat as equals to whites. In the summer of that year, Connie and her family were driving downtown and passed by Woolworth's and stop their car and went inside because they saw African American women sitting at the lunch counter! The very next day her whole family went back and sat at the lunch counter and Connie was finally able to order that banana split
Element 3: Exploring Issues of Social Injustice
This book talks about the injustices that African Americans faced as being treated as second classed citizen. They were not seen as being equal to whites and were being segregated from whites when it came to society in general. Blacks were not allowed to drink as same water fountains as whites or as this books shows, African Americans were not allowed to eat at the same places as whites and were designated to sit in places that were usually the worst places to sit. While whites were able to enjoy better sitting and had the ability to sit wherever they wanted. Just wanting the simple right to choose where they can eat and where they can sit to eat, is what this book is talking about and shows the means in which African Americans in Greensboro, North Carolina had to fight and protest in order to desegregate places like Woolworth. For students this shows the struggles that African Americans faced and were going through during this time period and what they had to do in order to fight for their rights and start the process of desegregating white society.
After reading the book teach students a little bit about the civil right movement and tell them about other places and things that separated African Americans and whites. With this discussion we can then make our own list of things that students like to do and places they like to go to. Then after making the list tell students that they are now not allowed to use or could not go to because society told them they could not. Talking together as a class, ask students how this would make them feel if they were not able to do these things because society said they were "different". Once this is done the class will work together coming up with peaceful ideas of what they would do to gain these rights back.
How to use the book in the classroom (pg. 18): http://cfmedia.btsb.com/TitleLessonPlans/2175.pdf
Monday, February 15, 2016
Sunday, February 14, 2016
Author: Donald Rubinetti
Illustrator: Liisa Chauncy Guida
Publisher: Silver Press
Grade Level: 2-4
Although this book is no longer available for purchase in stores, it is available to buy online- http://www.amazon.com/Cappy-Lonely-Camel-Donald-Rubinetti/dp/0382391519/ref=tmm_hrd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=1455594766&sr=8-1
This book is found on goodreads.com with reviews: http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/6199614-cappy-the-lonely-camel
This book is about a camel named Cappy who lives in a village in Asia. Cappy has two humps on his back and is also smaller and more hairy than the other camels. Every camel in his village has one hump on their back and because Cappy looks different, he is bullied and mocked; Cappy feels quite neglected. A camel named Nastella (who is the biggest bully to Cappy) has a baby who became very sick and there is only one doctor who could help the baby camel and this doctor lives very far away. The only camel that could make this journey to the doctor to save Nastella’s baby was Cappy. Cappy has ancestors that are from the north where the weather is frigid, so he knows he could survive. He leaves his home to make the journey to the north alone to try to get help to save Nastella’s baby. When he finally makes it to the doctor, she hops in between the two humps on Cappy’s back and they travel back to Cappy’s village to save Nastella’s baby. Cappy’s physical features, that are different than the other camels’ physical features, help protect him from the harsh weather conditions on his way back to his village. When the doctor arrives to see Nastella's sick baby, Nastella learns that Cappy traveled to get the doctor and bring her back to the village. She is so thankful and appreciative that Cappy has done all of this to help save her baby; she is also extremely hurt from all the upsetment and torture she caused Cappy. Nastella and the camels of the village all apologize to Cappy for how cruel they had treated him. Cappy forgives them and he and Nastella become great friends.
This book portrays element 3 from the 6 elements of social justice. This book shows readers how a person (or an animal in this case) can be bullied, tormented, and excluded from a social group because of differences. Cappy was segregated from his community because of the other camels' realization that Cappy looked different than them. Instead of the camels getting to know Cappy and who he was, they simply judged him by his outside appearance and were unjust in the way they treated him. Readers also learn how judgements that were made about Cappy affected how he did not fit into his community. What is also learned in reading this book are that judgements and stereotypes are often easily made about people who look different and if one was to get to know someone and look beneath physical appearances, one may find someone to be wonderful.
This is a great book for teachers to do a read aloud with and conduct a follow-up discussion about bullying and differences that everybody has. Teachers can ask students to discuss physical differences in people. Teachers can teach students that although people have differences and different physical features, everyone is good at something, can make a difference in someone’s life, and people should get to know others before passing judgement because there is much more to someone than what is on the outside. Teachers can then hand out copies of a black and white camel for students to color, add whatever details they want, and make their own. Every student’s camel will look different and have different features. Students can then assign their camels a special quality and they can do a “show and tell” for the class. I would use this book while teaching students about differences and respect.